Kybernetika 40 no. 1, 3-20, 2004

S-implications and R-implications on a finite chain

Margarita Mas, Miquel Monserrat and Joan Torrens


This paper is devoted to the study of two kinds of implications on a finite chain $L$: $S$-implications and $R$-implications. A characterization of each kind of these operators is given and a lot of different implications on $L$ are obtained, not only from smooth t-norms but also from non smooth ones. Some additional properties on these implications are studied specially in the smooth case. Finally, a class of non smooth t-norms including the nilpotent minimum is characterized. Any t-norm in this class satisfies that both, its $S$-implication and its $R$-implication, agree.